In the early days of online advertising, the amount and type of data companies could collect about users was limited to the header information passed along with a HTTP call from the user’s browser, such as the language set on the user’s computer, URL of the page that the ad is being loaded onto, and the browser type and version.
As the popularity of web cookies grew, advertisers soon realized they could track user behavior across the web with third-party cookies.
Over the years, advertising companies and data providers have been adding more and more trackers (i.e. third-party cookies) to websites in an effort to gain a deeper understanding of online users and their behavior.
This practice went on for some time before online users started to become aware of the scope and scale of these data collection and tracking activities, and once they did, they started to push back.
They began installing browser plugins like Ghostery, browsing the Internet using Private/Incognito mode, and downloading ad-blocking software to block advertising and third-party trackers.
But it’s not only online consumers that have taken notice of all of this. Legislative institutions in the European Union have also kept a close eye on the way companies collect, store, and use personal data, and the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is proof of that.
By now, we all know that the GDPR is on its way and means that all companies that collect data about EU citizens will have to make a number of policy and technological changes to ensure they are fully compliant.
Becoming compliant will be challenging to say the least and will mean making fundamental changes to how companies conduct business, whether they realize this or not.
However, instead of focusing on the negatives, companies should be focusing on the positives, and there are a few.
The GDPR Will Empower Publishers
Due to the fragmented nature of the digital advertising ecosystem, publisher revenues are being eaten up by AdTech vendors and intermediaries. While the GDPR won’t reverse this, it will restore the balance of power between the supply side (i.e. publishers) and those on the demand side (e.g. advertisers, DSPs, and other intermediaries).
As publishers will be the gatekeepers between advertisers and audiences, they’ll have the upper hand when it comes to media buys. Also, as data won’t be able to be shared and/or resold to other parties without the publisher’s knowledge and proper data processing agreements with all companies who want to have access to it, the whole process will become more transparent.
However, the real test for publishers will be obtaining user consent. If they are able to convince their audiences to share their data with online advertisers, then that will put them in a favorable position and their revenues will likely rise. Failure to do so will negatively affect the whole ecosystem and all parties on both the supply and the demand side.
The GDPR Will Help Restore Trust Between Users And Online Advertisers
The GDPR will help restore trust between online consumers and advertising companies as it puts the power and control back in the hands of online users.
Online visitors are the main recipients of online ads, however, for years companies have been convinced that users really want a better ad experience (e.g. customization, etc.), when in fact all they really want is for companies to take their privacy seriously.
After all, it’s no good showing a personalized ad to an engaged user at the right time if they are just going to block it out of concern for what you will do with their data.
The GDPR Will Spur On Innovation
For AdTech vendors, complying with the GDPR will mean changing their policies and ensuring that their platforms align with them.
For example, the GDPR gives users certain rights, such as the right to change their consent decisions and erase data that’s been collected about them. The latter is particularly challenging as there are no mechanisms in place to delete an individual’s data when it’s been shared with other parties in the ecosystem.
Picture the common situation when one AdTech vendor shares user data with others. If a user contacts the first vendor and requests that their data be erased, then the vendor would have to not only erase it from their own platforms, but from all the others with whom they’ve shared the data.
This means advertising companies will need to ensure their platforms are able to collect, store, and manage thousands, even millions, of user consent requests.
But it’s not only about making technological changes to comply with the GDPR, it’s also about innovating to create future-proof businesses. For example, AdTech vendors could look at providing advertisers with technology that runs targeted and effective campaigns without relying on personal data, with contextual targeting being a prime example.
Successful advertising companies of the future will be ones that solve challenges through innovation and limit their exposure to the GDPR with privacy-focused platforms and policies, rather than try and solve them with band-aids.
When you look back throughout history at the impact new regulations have had on certain industries (think the Clean Air Act and the introduction of clean technologies, such as the catalytic converter), you can see, despite the initial challenges, the companies that focused on innovation prevailed, and in many cases, thrived.
Despite all the challenges the GDPR brings, AdTech can prevail and thrive as well.
This post originally appeared on Mediapost.com